Excerpts from the work of Dr. Claudine Gay

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Harvard President Dr. Claudine Gay He is accused of extracting words, phrases and sentences from other sources without proper attribution. Most, if not all, of the following examples are written in technical and academic jargon, and are not intended to convey radical or original ideas.

But their articles sometimes take passages verbatim from other scholars and other times make minor adjustments, such as changing the word “adage” to “popular saying” or “black male children” to “young black athletes.”

Here are five examples of Dr. Gay's work that are under scrutiny, comparing her writings to those of the scholars listed.

Jennifer Hochschild

Dr. Gay is accused of plagiarizing two sentences in the acknowledgments of her 1997 Harvard dissertation from the acknowledgments of the political scientist's 1996 book “Facing Up to the American Dream: Race, Class, and the Soul of the Nation.” from Harvard Jennifer L. Hochschild.

Dr. Hochschild: “Sandy Jencks showed me the importance of getting the facts right and following where they lead without fear or favor,” later adding that Mr. Jencks “pushed me much further than I sometimes wanted him to.” “They will push me.”

Dr. Gay thanked her thesis advisor, Gary King, who “reminded me of the importance of getting the data right and following where it leads without fear or favor.” She also thanked her family, who “pushed me more than I sometimes wanted to be pushed.”

David Covin

Another allegation cites language from a 1993 article Dr. Gay published in the journal Origins. The article, “Between Whites and Blacks: The Complexity of Brazilian Race Relations,” was written when she was a graduate student at Harvard and examines the role of race in Brazilian society.

In an extensive section, Dr. Gay discusses the formation of a coalition called the Unified Movement Against Racial Discrimination.

It describes the “expulsion of four young black athletes from the Tietê Nautical Club volleyball team because of their color.”

Three years earlier, David Covin, then a professor at California State University, Sacramento, wrote about “the dismissal of four black male children from the Tiete Yacht Club volleyball team in May 1978 because of their color.” His article, “Afrocentricity in O Movimento Negro Unificado,” appeared in the Journal of Black Studies.

Dr. Gay's article does not attribute the passage about athletes to Dr. Covin, who died this year, or to a source whom Dr. Covin credited in his article. Dr. Covin's name does not appear in the further reading suggested at the end of the article.

In a statement Wednesday, Harvard said: “While Gay's 1993 work in the journal Origins was initially included in the scope of the independent review, the Corporation's independent panel and subcommittee deemed the article to be outside its scope. scope because of its age and because articles included in that journal generally do not include citations or citations.”

George Reid Andrews

Dr. Gay is also accused of copying the language, with slight modifications, in her article “Between Black and White” from a 1992 article “Black Political Protest in São Paulo, 1888-1988” by history professor George Reid Andrews in the Journal of Latin American Studies.

Andrews' article says that the “rhetoric and aspirations” of a younger generation of Afro-Brazilians with “one or more years of college education” seemed far from those of poor slum dwellers. Dr. Gay's article uses the phrase “aspirations and rhetoric,” reversing the order of those words, and refers to one or more years of “college education” rather than “university studies.”

Your article does not credit Dr. Andrews, a professor at the University of Pittsburgh, but lists a book by him as suggested further reading.

Stephen Ansolabehere and James M. Snyder Jr.

Dr. Gay’s 2017 article “A Room of One’s Own? The Partisan Allocation of Affordable Housing,” in Urban Affairs Review, also contains similarities to a passage from Stephen Ansolabehere and James M. Snyder Jr.’s article, “Party Control of State Government and the Distribution of Public Expenditures.” It was published in 2006 in The Scandinavian Journal of Economics.

Dr. Gay's article examines whether politicians direct housing investment toward their own constituents.

Dr. Ansolabehere and Dr. Snyder write: “Theoretical arguments predict an interaction between voter partisanship and partisan control of state government. Democratic counties are expected to receive more transfers when the state is under Democratic control…”

Dr. Gay writes: “The theory predicts an interaction between county partisanship and party control, such that the more Democratic a county is, the more LIHTC allocations it should receive when the state is under Democratic control…”

Dr. Gay quotes Dr. Ansolabehere and Dr. Snyder, both at MIT at the time and now professors at Harvard, but not in this particular passage.

Thomas E. Skidmore

Critics have also noted similarities between Dr. Gay's “Between Black and White” and the article “Toward a Comparative Analysis of Race Relations since Abolition in Brazil and the United States,” written 21 years earlier by Thomas E. Skidmore in the Journal of Latin American Studies.

Dr. Skidmore: “The Brazilian saying that 'we are becoming one people' is based on an implicit assumption that this final amalgam will be, at worst, a light mulatto phenotype and, at best, cases, a Mediterranean Moorish physical type. The ideal of whitening differs categorically from the phobias of white Europeans and North Americans toward race mixing…”

Dr. Gay: “The Brazilian concept of 'whitening,' symbolized in the popular saying 'we are becoming one people,' represents a completely different ideology from the phobias of European and North American whites about race mixing that prevailed at that time. beginning of this century.”

He does not attribute the passage to Dr. Skidmore, who died in 2016, but he does list it. (twice) between suggestions for further reading, shows a review of his articles.



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